Carbon Dioxide Part Two: Estimating Concentration

by John Tullock In Part One last week, I discussed the importance of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the planted aquarium, and described several types of equipment used for adding CO2 to improve plant growth. In this post, I will discuss how CO2 concentration can be estimated when the pH and alkalinity of the aquarium are […]

Carbon Dioxide: Part One

by John Tullock All plants need four basic things to survive. These are: sunlight, carbon dioxide, water, and minerals. In the aquarium or paludarium, water is never in short supply. Thus, light, carbon dioxide, and minerals become the important factors limiting plant growth. This series of posts will examine the role of carbon dioxide and […]

Thinking Ahead

by John Tullock What brings you to the doorstep of the world of planted aquariums? Are you an experienced hobbyist or professional aquarist seeking new inspiration? A beginner not yet sure if a planted tank is for you? Does the idea of a planted aquarium as art attract your attention? Or are you more interested […]

Plant and Shrimp Substrates

Achieving a beautiful, lush planted aquarium requires selecting the most dependable products.  Among the first products hobbyists should consider when setting up a planted aquarium is a suitable growth substrate.  Many varieties and brands are available, so which one should you choose?  The SevenPorts team takes a look at six of the best substrates available […]